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Persian Gabbeh is a hand-knotted ( handmade ) thick Persian rug with long pile. It is
made by the nomads of Fars province in south west Iran, of which the famous city of
Shiraz is the capital. The most famous nomad group of this region is the
Tribe. Although the existing few old pieces of Gabbeh rugs are not more than 100
years old, but the existence of
Persian Gabbeh was recorded in an order issued by
Shah Tahmasp, the second monarch of the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736) to use
Gabbeh among other rugs to welcome and honor King Homayun of India who took
refuge to Iran. Tahmasp was only ten when he succeeded his brother Shah Ismail at
1519 and became the king of Persia. Shah Tahmasp ruled Iran for 53 years. He
assisted Homayun to regain his power and throne. Shah Tahmasp himself knew how
to do miniature painting and he had made few rug designs himself.

Gabbeh like many other types of Persian rugs is made with local handspun wool and
vegetable dye. The KPSI (knot per square inch) is around 50. The foundation of
Persian Gabbeh (the warp) is wool, so Gabbeh is a wool on wool rug.
Since there are no chemicals and synthetics involved in its material and dye, it is fair
to say that Gabbeh is a nature, weaver and user friendly rug. Natural dye and fine
local wool with long fibers make the wool lustrous. The designs are simple and
children like paintings which bring peace of mind to homes and offices which use
Gabbeh as floor covering. Although tribal and rural, but the abstract and cubist
designs of Persian Gabbeh look so modern and match the interiors of today's
homes. Simplified human, animal, and tree motives are usually utilized by Gabbeh
weavers who use their imaginations and the environment around them to weave
such designs.

In the past, Gabbeh and other rugs made by the nomads were not for sale and they
were made for domestic use at homes and tents. Therefore, the weavers were free
to use the designs and motives they liked, since they did not have to take the
customers' or the market's taste into account. It is difficult to classify the designs of
Gabbehs, as there are many designs which do not follow any preset rules therefore
do not fall into specific categories.
About Persian Rugs:
About Qashqai's

About Gabbeh

The Ten Commandments of Rug Care and Maintenance

Standard American Sizes for Carpets and Runners

Ardabil Carpet

The Road to Persia

Rugs and Other  Textile Floor  Coverings  Imports  to U.S.A.

Zari Fabrics: Handmade Persian Textile

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Facts About the Carpet Industry in the U.S.
About Persian Gabbeh Rugs